Jerusalem – Reports The Biden administration And a small group of Middle Eastern states will soon begin pushing a new peace initiative aimed at creating a Palestinian state that has received pushback from the Israeli government, which announced this week. was that she would not accept the “international order”.

Regional experts also say that such efforts are bound to fail like in the past.

Previous Week, Israeli governmentThe cabinet, considered Israel’s most right-wing cabinet to date, including moderate members, unanimously declared its opposition to unilateral recognition of a Palestinian state, saying such a move would only lead to terrorism. will be retaliated against and future peace settlements will be prevented.

“If any settlement is to be reached, it will be through direct negotiations between the parties, without any preconditions,” a statement issued by the government said.

Israeli security experts say Biden’s push for a Palestinian state is a ‘present threat’

Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu, American President Biden, Palestinian President Abbas

Benjamin Netanyahu, President Biden and Mahmoud Abbas (Sebastian Scheiner/Pool/AP via Getty Images; Chris Claponis/CNP/Bloomberg via Getty Images; Jonathan Ernst/Pool/AP via Getty Images)

Israeli media report However, over the weekend, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu presented a discussion paper on Gaza to members of his security cabinet, which clearly stated that Israel would take all land west of Jordan, including Gaza and the It plans to maintain security control over other parts of the area where Palestinians live. There is hope for the establishment of an independent state.

Israel has been at war with the Iranian-backed terror group Hamas in the Gaza Strip since October 7, when thousands of its militants crossed the border, killing 1,200 people and taking nearly 240 hostages. Even as the Israeli military prepares for the final phase of the war, Netanyahu and his defense chief, Yov Gallant, are reluctant to discuss broader future arrangements. A war-torn enclave.

Prof. Ephraim Anbar, president of the Jerusalem Institute for Strategy and Security, told Fox News that efforts by the US administration to find a solution to the complex decades-old Israeli-Palestinian conflict are nothing new and, as in the past, efforts, especially the current situation, I was unlikely to succeed in establishing a Palestinian state.

“What the Americans want, a revitalized Palestinian Authority, is nothing new. … We saw a similar effort under Bush,” Anbar said. “I think the question we should be asking is why would a Palestinian state look different from the Palestinian institutions we’ve seen so far?”

Hamas terrorists in Gaza

Palestinian Hamas terrorists during a military show in Bani Suheila district July 20, 2017 in Gaza City. (Chris McGrath/Getty Images)

Anbar said any future Palestinian state would need to be “prepared to make some real compromises,” including recognizing the Zionist movement, recognizing Israel as the Jewish state and Jerusalem as its capital, and giving up some of its territorial dreams. .

A Palestinian state would also have to exclude terrorist organizations such as Hamas, which Palestinian Prime Minister Muhammad Shatia recently described as “part of the Palestinian people” and “partners in any future political entity.”

A terrorist attack

A terrorist attack on February 22, when three terrorists opened fire on travelers near Maal Edom on the highway to Jerusalem, killing one civilian and injuring eight others. One terrorist was killed on the spot by an off-duty soldier. (Yoav Dudkevitch/TPS)

“These efforts are wonderful, but they have not been successful in the past, and I do not see the current Palestinian leadership ready to change the situation,” Anbar said.

The Israeli parliament backed Netanyahu’s call to recognize a Palestinian state ‘unilaterally’

The funeral of the Palestinians

On July 5, 2023, Palestinians march during the funeral prayers of Palestinian terrorists killed in clashes the previous day in an Israeli military operation in Jenin, occupied West Bank. (Jafar Ashtih/AFP)

Even Fatah, the Palestinian political faction leading the current. Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas“The neighbors are not the best,” he said, noting that “dozens” of members of the Authority’s official security forces have carried out terrorist attacks against Israelis in the past few months and that the PA’s 30-year rule Later, the population was taught to “hate Jews and Israel”.

“I’m not optimistic about what a Palestinian state will look like at this stage,” Anbar said. He added that the Palestinian people have also lost hope in their leadership due to corruption, and that any future Palestinian state would likely carry the political culture of other countries in the Arab world, namely authoritarianism and tribalism.

Tell Jericho

The Israeli-Palestinian conflict has become as much a conflict in history as it is a battle in present-day politics. (Kobe Nathan/TPS)

Palestinian human rights activist and political analyst Bassem Eid also expressed doubts about the success of a future Palestinian state based on past attempts to create an autonomous entity.

He said that in my opinion the leaders who are calling for a Palestinian state have forgotten an important point that the state must be built before it can be recognized.

People with flags in the West Bank

People march towards Avitar’s checkpoint near the Tapah Junction in the West Bank on April 10, 2023. (AP Photo/Ariel Shalette)

Eid said there is no proper infrastructure for a Palestinian state – no real economy and a society where the majority of the population still lives in refugee camps.

“What kind of state would it be?” He thought. “I don’t think the Palestinians hope for that kind of state.”

“My conclusion is that the Palestinians really don’t deserve a state,” he said, describing how a last-ditch effort to establish a Palestinian state was made when Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon withdrew from Gaza.

“They wanted to give Gaza to the Palestinians so they could start building their own state, but look what they did there. They turned Gaza from Singapore to ISIS,” he said. “I don’t think it’s a legitimate demand to call for a Palestinian state right now.”

Biden admin continues push for two-state solution as critics warn: ‘Repeated efforts fail’


Members of the Izz al-Din al-Qassam Brigades, the armed wing of the Palestinian movement Hamas, parade in Gaza City on June 7, 2021. (Mohammed Abid/AFP via Getty Images)

Eid said that he believes. The October 7 attack by Hamas “Set the Israeli-Palestinian conflict back 50 years” and that instead of calling for a Palestinian state, there should be international efforts to “build bridges to bring Israelis and Palestinians together” after the trauma.

He also said the focus should shift from the Palestinian Authority and Hamas, both “masters at destroying states,” to local Palestinian tribes.

“Let’s call the tribes and give them a chance to rule,” Eid said. “I believe they will be able to govern the Palestinians much better than Hamas or the Palestinian Authority. At least let them try for the next five years, then maybe a charismatic Palestinian leader will emerge, we can have elections and Then there will be negotiations between the Israelis and the Palestinians.” can begin.”

Khalid Hassan, a political risk and intelligence analyst with more than 13 years of experience working in the Middle East, also said that the chances of establishing a Palestinian state in the current situation are slim.

Mahmoud Abbas

In this Feb. 11, 2020 file photo, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas speaks during a meeting of the Security Council at the United Nations headquarters. (AP Photo/Seth Wenig, File)

“Establishing a state requires massive efforts and international support, including a unified nationalist movement similar to the Zionist movement in the early 20th century,” he told Fox News Digital.

“A Palestinian state would require, above all, Palestinian unity and Israeli recognition,” he said, adding that any debate over who could lead the potential state would lead to civil war among the Palestinians. would give rise to and that “Israel was highly unlikely. recognize a Palestinian state.”

Hassan said that a Palestinian state cannot be imposed on Israel. “Arab states have recognized a Palestinian state for decades, but this has not really led to anything. However, if the Americans and British unilaterally recognize a Palestinian state, it would result in Israel’s This could have unprecedented political, and legal, ramifications.” ”

Abbas Blanken

Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas and US Secretary of State Anthony Blanken shake hands before meeting at the presidential compound in the West Bank city of Ramallah. (Saul Loeb/Pool/AFP via Getty Images)

“This may not revive the Palestinian state, but it will greatly diminish Israel’s standing in the international community,” he said.

Hassan added that if such a state were to emerge successfully, Palestinians would struggle to find suitable leadership.

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He said that Hamas is not only demanding to be a part of the future state but also leading it. He said that the creation of a state as a result of the October 7 terrorist attacks would have to “clearly recognize Hamas as a resistance movement whose attacks led to the creation of a Palestinian state.”

“For Palestinians, a political leader’s legitimacy is largely based on their involvement in anti-Israel terrorism, so any Palestinian leader who condemns terrorism is considered a traitor and an agent of Israel.”

He noted that previous U.S. efforts to install a more moderate Palestinian leader, who rejected terrorism, “met with stunning disappointment.”

“The public statements of the late Egyptian presidents Sadat and Mubarak, as well as US President Bill Clinton, exemplified this,” Hassan said, recalling the widespread condemnation and boycott of Egypt because of the peace treaty with Israel.

Hamas leader Sinwar.

Yahya Sinwar, center, elected leader of Hamas, is seen during a ceremony for fighters killed in Israeli airstrikes at the Yarmouk football stadium on May 24, 2021 in Gaza City, Gaza City. (Laurent van der Stockt/Getty Images)

“Sadat called the Arabs, including the Palestinians, who boycotted Egypt over the talks, as reckless ‘children and teenagers’ who should not be left to the fate of Egyptians, Arabs and Palestinians,” he said. “His words ring true 40 years later as the world sees what the recklessness of Palestinian leaders has done to their people and to the millions of Israelis who did not want this war.”

While the challenges of creating a Palestinian state Even Israelis under the current administration could thwart the effort, said Omar Zani, head of the Joint Unit for Peace and Security at the Mitvim Institute and the Berl Katznelson Center in Israel.

He said Israel faced two options – to continue the war in Gaza with the risk of it escalating to other fronts or what could be “a historic opportunity to end the war, bring the hostages home and defeat Hamas.” Taking advantage of it. – State solution.”

Zanani, who heads a joint Israeli-Palestinian task force exploring options, said a gradual process was needed that would bring lasting security to both Israelis and Palestinians. He said such a process would put “hope” on the political horizon that would help bring about significant changes in both societies.

“If we know that there is something that we can change, we have to start with an action,” he said. Doing it. Stat Blinken and the Saudis are saying.”

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